Scientists identified two genes called OLFM4 gene and HOXB5 that increase the risk of common childhood obesity. The Early Growth Genetics (EGG) Consortium made this finding. This finding will pave the way for preventive interventions and treatments for children based on their individual genomes. The scientists identified two novel loci, one near the OLFM4 gene on chromosome 13 and the other within the HOXB5 gene on chromosome 17. So far, Scientists knew little about genes implicated in regular childhood obesity.