Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, Socialist Leader, died at 01-05 hours this morning [October 12] in the Willingdon Nursing Home. He was 57. Dr. Lohia was operated upon for enlarged prostate gland on September 30. Dr. Lohia was in a critical condition from Tuesday [October 10]. Doctors attending on him said medicines had little effect on him. The passing of Dr. Lohia removes one of the most brilliant figures from the Indian political scene. Once a firebrand of Congress Socialists who looked upon Jawaharlal Nehru as their leader, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia parted ways with the Congress and founded the Praja Socialist Party along with Madhu Limaye and Mr. Asoka Mehta. He had the courage of his convictions and became the bitterest opponent of Nehru. He even fought Nehru at the polls in 1962 but failed. He did not take a charitable view of those who differed from him and convinced himself that he was always in the right. He and Madhu Limaye left the P.S.P. to form the Socialist Party of which he became Chairman early in 1956. He was offered a seat in the Central Assembly but declined it.